The Origin of American State Universities Elmer Ellsworth Brown

ISBN: 9781331482550

Published: September 27th 2015

Paperback

50 pages


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The Origin of American State Universities  by  Elmer Ellsworth Brown

The Origin of American State Universities by Elmer Ellsworth Brown
September 27th 2015 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, RTF | 50 pages | ISBN: 9781331482550 | 7.68 Mb

Excerpt from The Origin of American State UniversitiesThe ends to be sought in the external management and control of an institution of learning are, briefly, these: First, to provide such instruction as shall meet the need of the public to whichMoreExcerpt from The Origin of American State UniversitiesThe ends to be sought in the external management and control of an institution of learning are, briefly, these: First, to provide such instruction as shall meet the need of the public to which the given institution ministers- and secondly, so to husband or to enlarge its resources that it may serve that public efficiently and continuously.

We are to see how these ends were sought in the administration of our early colleges.But first a word as to the type of educational administration with which the colonists had been familiar in the mother country. The form of organization common in England was that in which the master and fellows of the school or college were made a body politic, having full control of the institution, as to both financial and educational administration.

This was a dangerous system, for it gave the teaching body the management of the funds out of which they themselves were paid. To meet this danger, some person or persons outside of the institution, the bishop of the diocese it might be, or some other dignitary of the church, was commonly charged with the duty of official visitation. The right of visitation, by common law, rests with the founder and those designated by him as his successors.

Hence the importance in disputed cases of determining the real founder of the institution in question. The visitatorial relation of some higher power was the only provision under this system to prevent the misapplication of endowments and secure the rights of the public in the institution. That it was often an insufficient safeguard is shown by the painful and tedious efforts of Parliament in the nineteenth century to correct long-standing abuses in the management of the endowed schools of England.

In fact, the general history of the control of English educational institutions is not by any means so simple a matter as this brief statement might seem to imply. But the ins and outs of that history need not concern us here.The peculiar conditions found in the colonies called for variation from the English type at the outset.

But it was not clear what direction this variation should take. We shall find, accordingly, fluctuation and experiment, resulting in mixed and complicated systems of control.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition.

We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully- any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.



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